Guider Control and Monitoring
|The top-level Guider Control window offers choices of guiding algorithms and guider functions, display options. The second tab contains all the user-configurable guide parameters. The third level monitors current guider actions and provides a recent history in the form of continuously updating plots of key guiding behaviors.|
|Stop Guiding:||Suspend guiding, i.e., stop sending instructions to the telescope to make corrections.|
|Monitor Guiding Reticle Sums (no guiding)||Start monitoring total counts in guide reticle and sky (shown in th History tab) to evaluate if signal is enough for guiding.|
|Start  Guiding (balanced reticles):||Begin guiding using an algorithm which seeks to balance the flux in Left/Right and Top/Bottom reticles respectively. This algorithm will center an object on the reticle and try to hold it there. The algorithm works best for symmetrical targets such as stars.|
|Start  Guiding (fixed ratio reticles):||Begin guiding using an algorithm which seeks to maintain the flux ratios measured in the Left/Right and Top/Bottom reticles respectively when guiding is initiated. This algorithm tries to hold an object on the reticles at the position at the time guiding is started. The algorithm allows one to guide on asymmetrical or off-center targets.|
|Start Guiding with profile fitting:||Begin guiding using the "profile guiding" algorithm. This is them most sophisticated
of the guiding algorithms. It measures the flux across rows and across columns in
the Left/Right and Up/Down reticles respectively, fitting a parabola to each measurement
to determine the object's centroid and its distance from the center of the reticles.
Using this information, the algorithm computes the appropriate size and direction of the telescope move needed to make any necessary correctons. Profile fitting works best on symmetrical targets. Note that when guiding in a slit with only the wings of the object visible, this algorithm interpolates across the slit to fit the parabola.
|Reticle and Star Motions:|
|Center reticle on star:||With the at least some of the object already in the reticle, this option centers the reticle on the object.|
|Move star to guide reticle:||After selecting this option a box appears instructing the user to left-click on the target object in the image display. The telescope is then automatically moved to bring the object onto the reticle. This option requires that the correct plate scale entered under Guide Parameters.|
|Move star to selected location:||After selecting this option a box appears instructing the user to left-click on the target object in the image display, then to click again on a location in the display. The telescope is then automatically moved to place the selected target at the new location. This option requires that the correct plate scale entered under Guide Parameters.|
|Move telescope by selected amount||After selecting this option a box appears instructing the user to "Put the pointer on the location to move and click the left mouse button," then "Now pick the location to move to." This is very similar to the above Move star to selected location.|
|SHOW/HIDE RETICLES & MARKERS|
|Show/Hide Guide Cells, Sky, & Compass:||Allows guide cells (reticles), sky box, and compass rose to be displayed or hidden on the image.|
|Markers:||Clicking on "Markers" displays a pulldown menu from which up to twelve crosshair markers may be selected for display on the image. A marker, once displayed, may be dragged around the image using the left mouse button. Markers are distinguished by color and by a number (0-11) displayed next to the crosshair. Markers' locations are preserved.|
|Rotator angle in (degrees):||This option only applies when the Image Rotator is installed at the Coude focus of the 3-m telescope or at the CAT telescope. The image rotator position angle on the sky must be manually entered in degrees for proper guiding to occur. This value is ignored if the image rotator is out of the way.|
|Sigma Threshold:||Sets the comparative flux in the guide reticles and sky box, in standard deviations, below which the guider assumes no object to be present on the reticle and suspends guiding. This feature is useful if, for example, passing clouds cause the guiding object to become very faint or disappear.|
|Repeat Count:||Sets the number of consecutive times the guide object must meet the criteria for a telescope correction, before that correction is made. This feature helps to prevent guiding on noise such as rapid, random deviations due to seeing. A repeat count of 2 seems to be a good default, but the best value for this parameter may vary with sky conditions.|
|Sky from: 0->sky reticle, 1->guide reticle||You may select whether the sky background level is measured from the sky reticle or from the perimeter of the guide reticle.|
|Maximum Ratio:||For balanced reticle guiding, this sets the maximum allowable deviation
from the "Minimum Ratio" (usually 0.50) before the guider will consider that a correction is
needed. A maximum ratio only slightly larger than the minimum, e.g., 0.51, might cause
overguiding. A maximum ratio of 0.55 seems to be a good default, but the best value for this
parameter may vary with sky conditions.
This parameter is ignored when using the profile fitting guide algorithm.
|Minimum Ratio:||This value is generally set to 0.50. It is ignored when using the profile fitting guide algorithm.|
|E/W & N/S sign:||These values are analogous to the "guide matrix" of the old guiders. E/W and N/S pertain
to directions on the sky; Row and Column pertain to directions on the display.
Signs should set themselves correctly, provided the version of the guider appropriate to the telescope, focus, and instrument has been chosen at startup Where a TUB diagonal mirror is part of the system, the correct values for these parameters will depend on whether the mirror is in or out. This should be automatically sensed by the guider and the appropriate signs applied.
If guide objects are being driven out of the reticles, an error in one of more of these signs is a prime suspect.
|E, W, N, & S Backlash:||These parameters are meant to overcome backlash by providing an additional push on the first correction following a change in direction. They are primarily intended for the CAT declination axis, where backlash is severe.|
|Fixed Movement:||This sets the size of the move, given in pixels on the display (except in the case
of the CAT where miliseconds of motor engagement are used), that the telescope will make
to effect a correction.
This parameter is ignored when using the profile fitting guide algorithm, which determines the size of the move based on data from the guide object.
|Scale:||This sets the plate scale for a given telescope/focus/instrument setup, and also,
in some cases, for the position of the diagonal mirror. These values should be automatically set,
provided the version of the guider appropriate to the
telescope, focus, and instrument has been chosen at startup
DO NOT change these values.
|Retracted camera scale factor||The coude guide camera has two magnifications, High and Low power (normal operations is with high power). If using low power, the plate scale needs to be adjusted by this factor for proper guiding to occur.|
|Camera position||This parameter applies only to the coude guide camera. When in high power mode it should be set to 0 (the default) and if in low power mode it needs to be set to 1 so that the retracted camera scale factor is applied.|
|Guide Motion Indicator:||The appropriate black triangle in the box on the left turns red while the guider is moving the telescope in that direction. This box and the behavior of the star in the image display are the best indications that the guider is working properly.|
|Guide Tendancy:||This parameter tracks how many total moves in each direction have been applied since guiding was started.|
|Reticle Counts:||Displays instantaneous total flux in each of the four boxes of the guide reticle, the sum of all four boxes, and the flux in the sky box.|
|GUIDING HISTORY PLOTS|
|Guiding history plots update after every guiding measurement cycle to indicate how far and which direction the telescope motion is being corrected.|
|HISTORY PLOT CHOICES|
|You can select as many or as few guiding history plots to display as desired from the list above. By default only the Row and Column plots are displayed.|